Tag: Trump

DACA – The programme at the heart of the US government shutdown

Protesters at the White House (Photo courtesy of http://www.pbs.org)

We woke up to the news on Saturday of the US government shutdown due to Congress and the White House not being able to reach an agreement on a replacement for the Obama administration’s DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) programme, which has been rescinded by the Trump administration.

Listening to the major news sources, you will come off with the impression that the DACA program simply allowed illegal immigrants to settle in the US with their families in their thousands every year. However, when you scratch beneath the surface, you will find out the The DACA programme actually operated with very strict criteria to protect children of illegal immigrants from deportation to countries they have no practical connection to. The current argument is not whether the programme should continue, as it will not continue, but whether to continue to honour the benefits of the programme to the already eligible population.

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) was an American immigration policy that allowed some individuals who entered the country as minors, and had either entered or remained in the country illegally, to receive a renewable two-year period of deferred action from deportation and to be eligible for a work permitWikipedia.

The DACA programme was initiated by the Obama administration in 2012 to find a way of integrating children who were historically brought to the US illegally by their parents and give them a chance at the American dream. America has always been a country who welcomed people from all countries to settle if they are hardworking and law-abiding, even president Trump’s ancestors were immigrants from Germany and his mother was from Scotland who emigrated to the US in the ’30s, and look where he is now!

Today, President Trump believes the programme denies hard-working native Americans a fair chance in the workplace as the immigrants would take up local jobs, housing and other state benefits. He has declared the programme is not going to continue, but gave the congress six months from September 2017 to find a way of dealing with the eligible population in the original programme.

The opponents of DACA argue that it merely gives amnesty to illegal immigrants who would then invite their families in a process known as chain-migration. They believe it encourages illegal immigration. So granting an illegal immigrant a work permit (and eventually permanent residency) will lead to them bringing their extended families to the country. Advocates on the other hand believe that this is a matter of treating children who had no choice in their parent’s decision, humanely. These children (now young adults) have lived in the US for many years and consider themselves American, to suddenly send them back to their countries of origin is not just cruel, but also disadvantageous to the US economy. With the criteria put in place, only law-abiding, hard-working and well-educated migrants will make it through the programme. Why would the US deny itself the benefit of this group of immigrants?

According to an article in the Business Insider looking at the criteria, to be eligible, applicants must have entered the United States before their 16th birthday and prior to June 2007, are currently in school, a high school graduate or have been honourably discharged from the military, be under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012, and not have a criminal record. These are pretty good safeguards to me that ensures only law-abiding, decent and ambitious immigrants are given the opportunity at the American dream.

So why is President Trump so against the idea? This is because it was one of the main pledges he made during his campaign. His loyal base thrive on him delivering on these promises and this is one of them. No matter how much anyone tries to convince the president otherwise, he holds his voters in a much higher regard than any logical argument.

I believe the programme if well managed is actually good for America, but I know I am in a minority in the current wave of anti-immigrant rhetoric across the world. I believe immigrants are not a nuisance but valuable assets to any country if managed properly. America should know better, as the great country is built on this very principle.




‘Bots’ – The problem of ‘fake news’ in the age of social media

By now, the phrase ‘fake news’ is no longer new to many people, but its influence couldn’t be more widespread. We have all been victims whether we like to admit it or not. We have been exposed to propaganda disguised as news through Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp or Instagram and some of us have ‘fallen’ for it. We all like to think we are not being manipulated or controlled by what we read or see on social media, but the truth is, we are.

FAke News
Photo credit – http://www.mashable.com

The influence of ‘fake news’ is more devastating in countries where there are delicate balances of power and spreading false rumours could easily offset this balance, sometimes with catastrophic consequences. For example in multi-ethnic societies like the ones in Africa and Asia, spreading false information about an ethnic group could quickly increase tensions and could lead to strife, or conflict in extreme cases. It could alter the political landscape and cause power shifts.

Countries, organisations or individuals who want to influence the socio-political dynamics of a society know the fact that most people will believe what they read, if you can sensationalise it enough. Gone are the days when media corporations are the only ones who could wield this kind of influence, today, an 18 year old with some knowledge of Adobe Photoshop and video editing software could create powerful ‘false information’ that would get the attention of millions of people. I think this is scary enough, but when you now realise there are actually groups and syndicates out there (sometimes sanctioned by governments) sending out internet ‘bots’ in their millions into societies with the sole aim of churning out hundreds of tweets per hour, spreading false information manufactured with state of the art softwares, then the ball game changes.

This week it was exposed that there are state-run organisations in Russia who have well developed methods of targeting western democracies with false information with the sole aim of creating suspicion and fracturing societies. The allegations are endless, the UK referendum, the US elections, the Immigration debate, the Catalonia referendum etc.

A particular photo was held up this week as a clear evidence of this type of deliberate misinformation for political gain. I could remember seeing this picture (below) circulating widely on twitter when the tragedy occurred on London Bridge earlier in 2017. The reaction it generated was that of fury and anger. The tweet read:

“Muslim woman pays no mind to the terror attack, casually walks by a dying man while checking phone #PrayForLondon #Westminster #BanIslam.”

Blog image
Photo credit: London Evening Standard

At a time of difficult discussions around immigration and religious freedom in Britain,  this photo added a lot of fuel to the fire, particularly for far-right groups who were already injecting a dose of toxicity to the debates.

It has now been discovered that the twitter account behind this photo was actually an internet bot manufactured in Russia. An internet bot as defined by Wikipedia as “a software application that runs automated tasks (scripts) over the Internet. Typically, bots perform tasks that are both simple and structurally repetitive, at a much higher rate than would be possible for a human alone”. So these are computer codes controlled from thousands of miles away, which wield ten or twenty times more ‘tweet-power’ than a human being.

Contrary to the tweet, the young woman wasn’t ignoring the crime scene, but rather horrified at what was happening around her. The photo was taken out of context and used for a malicious narrative.

As the general population is now beginning to understand, millions of twitter accounts, facebook profiles and instagram accounts are actually bots. Many of these accounts are used for criminal purposes, contain malicious content or were created to spread false information very quickly across the web. Bots do not know borders or political boundaries. Tweets sent by bots in St.Petersburg will be seen in London in seconds and its intensity beyond your wildest imagination as it saturates the media space at a rate that can never be matched by a human being.

I don’t know what the solution to ‘fake news’ and malicious bots is, but I am sure Russia is not the only suspect. The extent to which this actually affect societies and shape public opinion is yet to be clearly established.

The only effort we can all make is to make sure we do not believe everything we read or view on the internet. Many videos though look like they are real, many times they have been carefully ‘doctored’ and taken out of context to drive home a particular agenda. I see this all the time on Facebook. Social media is fast becoming a playground for people with an agenda. Some of these posts for example disguise as an emotional appeal, designed to tug at your heart strings, be careful, and do your research before you fall for it. I see it all the time, people jumping to conclusions on a sensational post on facebook. Protect your mind.